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Learn more about our 2020-2021 optionsWhile ½ of America’s universities have gone test optional, the issue is far more complex than it seems.

Learn more about test optionalThe college application essay is considered one of the MOST IMPORTANT factors in college admissions.

We can help you make your essay shine!In 2011, the state of Florida began phasing out the FCAT, to be replaced by End-of-Course (EOC) assessments in the core subject areas of Algebra I, Biology I, Geometry, US History (introduced in 2013) and Civics (to be introduced in 2014). The EOC’s are designed to measure student achievement in accordance with the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) for specific courses. The assessments are part of the state of Florida’s strategic initiative for increasing student performance and preparing students for college and careers. The EOC’s are comprehensive exams taken typically during the last six weeks of the designated courses (Algebra I, Biology I, Geometry, US History and Civics).

There are two types of EOC questions:

- Multiple Choice – Standard test question format with four possible answer choices. Each multiple choice questions, for all EOC assessments, is designed to take approximately one minute to complete.
- Gridded-response – Students enter values into a grid or in the space provided.

There is no essay component in the EOC test and, although the test is timed, the time allotments are designed to be sufficient for most students.

Multiple Choice:

- US History
- Algebra I
- Biology I
- Geometry
- Civics

Gridded-Response:

- Algebra I
- Geometry

EOC questions are organized based on their complexity:

**Low complexity questions**rely heavily on recognition and recollection. 10-20% of the total test questions will be low complexity questions on each of the EOC examinations, except for US history which includes 20-30% low complexity questions.**Moderate complexity questions**rely more in informal, or intuitive, reasoning and require a greater degree of flexibility in thinking. For all EOC’s except US History, 60-80% of the questions will be moderate complexity items. The US History EOC will contain 45-65% moderate complexity items.**High complexity questions**require analysis and abstract reasoning, such as inference. For all EOC’s except US History, 10-20% of the total questions will be high complexity questions. For US History, 15-25% will be high complexity questions.

Students taking the US History EOC will be given 160 minutes to complete the 50-60 test tasks on a CBT (computer-based test) platform. Students with learning disability accommodations, as stipulated in Individual Education Plans or Section 504 plans, will be provided with print or Braille versions of the US History EOC.

The US History EOC is designed to assess the retention and analytical abilities of students who have completed their studies of American history from the Civil War and Reconstruction period through US foreign policy in the 21st Century. In addition to the standard, question-and-answer task, students will be required to recognize the historical significance of newspaper clippings, songs, political cartoons and other written primary source materials. The breakdown of the US History EOC is as follows:

32%* Late 19th – Early 20th Century:

- Civil War and Reconstruction
- Challenges to American Farmers
- Industrial Revolution

34%* Global Military, Political, and Economic Challenges (1890-1940)

- US Imperialism
- WWI
- The Roaring 1920’s
- Peace and Relief after WWI
- Civil Rights Movement during the 1920’s and 1930’s
- The Great Depression and the New Deal

32%* The US and the Defense of International Peace (1940-present)

- WWII
- Early Cold War (1945-1950)
- Foreign Policy: Truman – Nixon
- Post-WWII Domestic Prosperity
- 1960’s Foreign and Domestic Policy
- The Civil Rights Movement
- Significant Supreme Court Decisions
- Modern US Foreign Policy (1972-present)
- Into the 21st Century

Students taking the Biology I EOC will be given 160 minutes to complete the 60-66 test tasks on a CBT (computer-based test) platform. Students with learning disability accommodations, as stipulated in Individual Education Plans or Section 504 plans, will be provided with print or Braille versions of the Biology I EOC.

This EOC is designed to assess a student’s knowledge of concepts presented in the Biology I course as stipulated by Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS). Test items are designed to assess the application of concepts learned in laboratory investigations, classroom exercises, and reading assignments, rather than the simple memorization of facts or the definition of terms. Students should be familiar with the periodic table of elements, which will be provided, and able to interpret data presented in charts, graphs and tables. The content of the Biology I EOC is broken down as follows:

35% Molecular and Cellular Biology:

- Cell Theory
- Cell Structure
- DNA Replication
- Mitosis and Meiosis
- Macromolecules
- Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
- Properties of Water

40% Organisms, Populations and Ecosystems:

- Plant Structure
- The Brain
- Cardiovascular System
- Immune System
- Biotechnology
- Reproductive System
- Population Size
- Food Webs and Energy Transfer
- Human Impact

25% Classification, Heredity and Evolution:

- Evolution
- Classification
- Origin of Life
- Natural Selection
- Genetics

Students taking the Algebra I EOC will be given 160 minutes to complete the 60-65 test tasks on a CBT (computer-based test) platform. Students with learning disability accommodations, as stipulated in Individual Education Plans or Section 504 plans, will be provided with print or Braille versions of the Algebra I EOC.

The Algebra I EOC is one of two EOC’s that employs a free-response (gridded) question format for approximately 1/3 of the test tasks (see example given above under the “What types of Questions are on the EOC Assessments?”-heading). On the exam, students will be expected to work with equations, functions, graphs, diagrams and tables using the skills acquired during the Algebra I course. Students will be provided with a four-function calculator and a list of common conversions and formulas for use during the exam. The Algebra I EOC’s content can be broken down as follows:

55% Functions:

- Functions
- Domain and Range
- Solving Equations
- Literal Equations
- Inequalities
- Multi-Step Equations
- Graphing Lines
- Slope/Intercepts
- Line Equations
- Model Data
- Systems

20% Polynomials:

- Monomials
- Polynomials
- Factoring
- Dividing Polynomials

25% Rationals, Radicals, Quadratics and Discrete Mathematics:

- Proportions
- Radicals
- Graphing Quadratic Equations
- Solving Quadratic Equations
- Set Operations
- Venn Diagrams

Students taking the Geometry EOC will be given 160 minutes to complete the 60-65 test tasks on a CBT (computer-based test) platform. Students with learning disability accommodations, as stipulated in Individual Education Plans or Section 504 plans, will be provided with print or Braille versions of the Geometry EOC.

The Geometry EOC is one of two EOC’s that employs a free-response (gridded) question format for approximately 1/3 of the test tasks (see example given above under the “What types of Questions are on the EOC Assessments?”-heading). Students taking the Geometry EOC should optimally be able to use coordinate geometry and geometric properties to rationalize measures and characteristics, formal and informal proofs, and coordinate planes to solve test items. Students will be provided with a four-function calculator and a list of common conversions and formulas for use during the exam.

The content breakdown for the state of Florida’s geometry EOC assessment is as follows:

65% Two-Dimensional Geometry:

- Line Segments
- Parallel Lines and the Angles Between Them
- Angles of Polygons
- Properties of Polygons
- Transformations
- Perimeter and Area
- Properties of Quadrilaterals
- Theorems Involving Quadrilaterals
- Triangle Similarity and Congruence
- Inequality Theorems
- Right Triangles
- Circle Measures
- Circle Equations
- Conjectures

20% Three-Dimensional Geometry:

- Polyhedrons
- Volume, Lateral Area and Surface Area of Solids
- Effects of Dimensional Change on Measurement

15% Trigonometry and Discrete Math:

- Logic Arguments
- Trigonometric Ratios

The results of Florida EOC Assessments come in the form of content area scores, scale scores and Achievement Levels. Content area scores are raw scores indicating exactly how many incorrect answers a student submitted within a content/question category. Content scores are converted to scale scores, which provide a standard for comparing students across different EOC exam administrations.

The scale score given for all EOC Assessments is a number between 325 and 475. Minimum passing scale scores for each test are as follows:

- 65% Two-Dimensional Geometry
- 20% Three-Dimensional Geometry
- 15% Trigonometry and Discrete Math

*The first year a new EOC Assessment is administered, students receive no scale score or Achievement Level, but instead a T-score of between 20 and 80 (50 is the median score).

Achievement Levels – 1-5

- Level 5: Excellent
- Level 4: Above Satisfactory
- Level 3: Satisfactory
- Level 2: Below Satisfactory
- Level 1: Insufficient

- In 2013, the average Florida student answered less than half of the answers correctly on the Biology and Geometry EOC Assessments.
- In 2013, more than half of Florida’s students failed the Algebra 1 EOC Assessment.
- Students who fail EOC Assessments must take the exams until they pass in order to receive course credit and graduate.
- Students who wish to retake EOC exams to improve their grades (as the EOC counts for 30% of a student’s grade) may do so only in school districts with grade forgiveness policies. Students who have taken EOC exams and passed may not take the exams again simply to improve scores.
- Many Florida EOC Exams are held nearly six weeks before the school year officially ends, meaning that students need to start preparing for the EOC exams in March or early-April at the absolute latest.
- The Civics EOC, which will be introduced in 2014, will be taken by middle school students who must earn satisfactory Achievement Levels in order to pass into high school.
- Private school students who enroll in public schools will be required to the EOC exams even if coursework was completed in the private institution. Private school students must also take the official ePat Practice Tests before they will be allowed to sit for the actual EOC exams.
- No other test scores may be substituted for EOC Assessment results (concordant SAT or ACT scores may still be substituted for some portions of the FCAT, but they may not stand in for EOC Assessment scores).
- Legislation provides for a waiver of the EOC Assessments as a requirement for graduation for students with disabilities whose learning cannot be accurately measured by the statewide assessment. The IEP team may request a waiver.

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